The monsoon begins in end-June/July and last till end-August. The temperature remains more or less the same till September-October, after which, it starts falling, announcing the arrival of winter. Winter reaches its peak in the month of December in some places, and in January, in others.
Madhya Pradesh receives maximum rainfall from June to September. The average rainfall varies from 112cm in eastern Madhya Pradesh to 50-62.5cm in northern and western Madhya Pradesh.
The system of Madhya Pradesh is very well developed. The over all school level education at Madhya Pradesh is classified into three groups - primary, middle and high school education. Madhya Pradesh has schools for polytechnics, industrial arts and crafts, music, etc. Moreover, there are 12 state universities. This is why over one-third of the population of Madhya Pradesh is educated.
The schools located at Ujjain and Sagar are the oldest and finest in western region of India because of the quality of education.
Cuisine of Madhya Pradesh in India is a combination of exquisite taste and essence. The climate and weather of Madhya Pradesh has highly influenced the Madhya Pradesh Cuisines to a large extent. The food habits of the state changes with the season. The dishes and the meals prepared depend much on the availability of the seasonal vegetables and the weather to savor the dishes. The cuisine of Madhya Pradesh has a trace of Rajasthani and Gujarati foods.
The northern part and the western part of Madhya Pradesh have their delicacies centered around wheat-and-meat, whereas the southern and the eastern part of the state mainly concentrate on rice and fish as their staple diet.
The culture of Madhya Pradesh is a harmonious amalgamation of Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, Jains, Christians and Sikhs. Moreover, the tribal communities of the state comprises of different tribes like Bhils, Gonds, Oraons, Kols, Bhilalas, Murias and Korkens, to name a few. These people belonging to numerous religions and ethnic backgrounds reflect the concept of Indian secularism and contribute to the animated cultural effervescence of the state. Go through this article and get a kaleidoscopic glimpse of the cultural heritage of Madhya Pradesh.
The history of Madhya Pradesh goes back to the time of Ashoka, the great Buddhist emperor whose Mauryan Empire was powerful in Malwa. Around 1000 years ago the Parmaras ruled in south-west MadhyaPradesh- they're chiefly remembered for Raja Bhoj, who gave his name to the city of Bhopal and also ruled over Indore and Mandu. From 950 to 1050AD the Chandelas constructed the fantastic series of temple's at Khajuraho in the north of the state.
Between the12th and 16th centuries, the region saw continuing struggles between Hindu and Muslims rulers or invaders. The fortified city of Mandu in the south-west was the frequently the scene for these battles, but finally the Mughals overcame Hindu resistance and controlled the region. The Mughals, however, met their fate at the hands of the Marathas who, in turn, fell to the British.
The origin of the Bundela dynasty in the 11th century is traced to a Rajput prince who offered himself as a sacrifice to the mountain goddess Vrindavasini; she stopped him and named him 'Bundela' (one who offered blood). The dynasty ruled over the area between the Yamuna and Narmada rivers. Garhkurar, once capital of the Bundela Rajas, fell to the Tughluqs just as that dynasty was weakening. Into the vacuum that they left, the Bundelas again expanded, moving their base to Orchha (meaning hidden). Raja Rudra Pratap threw a wall around the existing settlement and began work on the palace building (c. 1525-31) and an arched bridge to it. This was completed by his successor Bharti Chand (1531-54) who was installed in the Raj Mahal with great ceremony.
Hindi is the Official and state language of Madhya Pradesh. Apart from Hindi, many other Indian languages and dialects are also prevalent all over the state.
Excluding standard Hindi, several regional variants also find place amongst the people of the state. Some people consider them as dialects of the Hindi language. Many others beg to differ and regard them as distinct, but related languages. Among these major languages are Malvi in Malwa, Nimadi in Nimar, Bundeli in Bundelkhand, and Bagheli in Bagelkhand and the southeast region of the state.
The Majority of people in Madhya Pradesh are Hindus. There are, however, sizeable minorities of Muslims, Jains, Christians and Buddhists. There is also a small Sikh population.